Surgery is the recommended treatment for various disorders of the thyroid gland . these may include one of the following :
. large thyroid or multi nodular goiter
. solitary nodule thyroid adenoma
. thyroid cancer
. graves disease
. recurrent thyroid cyst
. where the type of nodules is unclear
It is important that your surgery is performed by specialist who regularly performs thyroid operations. Do not hesitate to ask your surgeon any surgery related query, such as the post surgery complications as well as the benefits of surgery.
The most common reason for thyroid surgery is the presence of nodules or tumors on the thyroid gland. Some can be precancerous. Even benign nodules can cause problems if they grow large enough to obstruct the throat, or they stimulate the thyroid to overproduce hormones. Another reason for thyroid surgery is the swelling or enlargement of the thyroid gland. It is referred to as a goiter. Like large nodules, goiters can block the throat and interfere with eating , speaking and breathing.
Types of thyroid surgery
There are several types of thyroid surgery but common are lobectomy, subtotal thyroidectomy, and total thyroidectomy.
sometimes a nodule, inflammation, or swelling affects only half of the thyroid gland. When this happens, a doctor will only remove one of the two lobes. The part left behind should retain some or all of its function.
A subtotal thyroidectomy removes the thyroid gland but leaves behind a small amount of thyroid tissue. This preserves some thyroid function. Many individuals who undergo this type of surgery develop hypothyroidism, a condition that occurs when the thyroid doesn’t produce enough hormones. This is easily treated with daily hormone supplements.
A total thyroidectomy removes the entire thyroid and the thyroid tissue. This surgery is appropriate when nodules, swelling, or inflammation affect the entire thyroid gland, or when cancer is present.